Networking in Windows 2000 Pro or Win XP (Pro)
Windows 2000 Professional dramatically changes the methods used to connect and configure networking components. In this Windows version, the interfaces for both LAN and dial-up networking have been reworked to allow for a quicker creation of new connections and an easier configuration of existing connections. This document should provide you with enough information to begin networking with Windows 2000 Professional.
When configuring the LAN connection in previous Windows versions, users were required to open the Network Control Panel, make any desired changes, and reboot. Those days, hopefully, are gone forever. Windows 2000 Professional provides a new interface for configuring a machine’s network settings with a new look and less rebooting.
Figure A Win2000 Windows XP Pro
The new Network And Dial-Up Connections interface is shown in Figure A. From here, you can access the properties of your workstation’s LAN connection, enable and disable its LAN card, or establish a new dial-up networking connection. In the Advanced drop-down menu of the Network And Dial-Up Connections window, shown in Figure B, you can specify the identification of your machine, select advanced settings, or add additional networking components, such as an SNMP Agent.
This has the same effect as opening a command prompt and typing in IPCONFIG /RELEASE followed by IPCONFIG /RENEW. Through this hot-menu, you can also access the properties of the workstation’s LAN connector.
Win 2000 Win XP (Pro)
displays the Local Area Connection Properties window. You can see that
components can be enabled and disabled by simply checking the box next
to them. If you do not run a home LAN, you can disable the Client For
Microsoft Networks and the File And Printer Sharing For Microsoft Networks.
You only need TCP/IP to access the Internet. By disabling those interfaces,
you’ll leave hackers with one less porthole to access your computer. As
you can also see, you can enable the Show Icon In Taskbar When Connected
option in this panel. This will allow you to see the amount and frequency
of activity your computer is producing on the network.
shows the interface for configuring TCP/IP settings. You can configure
your workstation’s IP address to be assigned automatically by a DHCP/BOOTP
server or set it manually. Similarly, you can manually enter your DNS
server addresses, or you can allow your DHCP/BOOTP server to specify them
for you. As you can see in the second window above, Advanced TCP/IP Settings,
you can specify additional IP addresses, gateways, DNS, and WINS servers
using the various tabs.
N shows the most important of the advanced settings available in the dial-up
connection’s properties. The General tab allows you to specify a modem
(if there is more than one available) and change the phone number and
dialing rules. Also, you can choose to display an icon on the taskbar
to show activity and connection status. The Options tab allows you to
display the progress of the connection or simply disable it while connecting.
You can also require prompting for user ID, password, and phone number,
as well as specify a domain to log in to if dialing into an NT/2000 domain.
You can also choose the number of redial attempts the computer should
make. The Networking tab allows you to specify what protocols you wish
to use to connect to the network. By default, the protocols installed
on your machine are used, but additional protocols and clients (Netware,
for example) can be added.
VPN Acess to your Corporate Network is just as easy as configuring the
previous Dial Up example, providing they are Setup to accept incoming
VPN connections. From the Network Connection Wizard, select the "Connect
to a private network through the Internet" option. Your Administrator
will provide you with the connection details...IP Address, Username, Password,
Type of Authentication, Encryption, PPTP or L2TP, etc...
Win 2000 Win XP (Pro)